Asar Mahal is a beautiful palace built in the Bijapur city in north Karnataka during the 17th century. The palace was built by the famous Adil Shahi dynasty, who ruled the city of Bijapur from the 15th century to the 17th century. Asar Mahal can be considered as one of the many monuments built by Adil Shahis in their administrative nerve center, the city of Bijapur. Mohammed Adil Shah was the Adil Shahi ruler who worked behind the erection of this beautiful palace. The palace is located at the east side of the ancient citadel of Bijapur city. The structure is also popular in the name Dad Mahal in the nearby locations. The use of this building as a juristic location during the initial stages was the reason for Asar Mahal to be called as Dad Mahal.
Soon after the construction of Asar Mahal, it turned as the major location for juristic procedures in Bijapur. But after years, the place was chosen to keep the hairs from the beard of Prophet Mohammed and Asar Mahal was started to become one of the most honored spots in the city of Bijapur. During this time, Asar Mahal housed two hairs from the beard of the prophet and it was kept at a special chamber in the palace. Women are not allowed to enter the Asar Mahal. A festival called Urs is conducted at Asar Mahal every year and during the time the palace becomes one of the crowded locations in the Bijapur city. Many of the parts of this building constructed before years, in the 17th century are still remaining strong and undamaged.
Architecture of Asar MahalAsar Mahal is built in an Indo Islamic mixture of architecture and can be included in the list of beautiful palaces built by the Adil Shahi dynasty in Bijapur. There are three artificial lakes in front of the Asar Mahal in Bijapur. The lake situated at the middle is larger compared to the other two. The larger lake in Asar Mahal also has a depth of 15 feet.
A bridge like structure is visible in front of Asar Mahal in Bijapur which connects it to the lake in front of the palace. Four wooden columns are incorporated in the façade of the palace and each of them has hexagonal cross section and extra ordinary height. The wooden ceiling provided in the roof of the palace amplifies the beauty of the monument. There are several carvings and paintings on the walls of this palace. The palace has two floors and the upper one hosts more wooden works than the lower one. The Archaeological Survey of India has the responsibilities of maintenance of this heritage site.
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